No Release in Sight for Iranian Opposition Leaders

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani signaled Saturday there would be no quick resolution to the house arrest of the reformist political leaders who said an election was rigged in 2009.

Though not mentioned by name, the house arrest of Mir Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi was raised at a press conference to mark the start of Rouhani's third year in office.

Mousavi and Karroubi have been under such restrictions since 2011. Both said that the presidential election two years earlier, which saw Mahmoud Ahmadinejad re-elected, was fraudulent.  

A reporter asked Rouhani why, despite "reviving" hopes that the two former presidential candidates may be released, though again not naming them, "we have not seen anything" on the issue.

"The government cannot do everything on its own," Rouhani replied, acknowledging that the matter remained unsolved but suggesting it could be ended.

"I have made my efforts for resolving political and social problems but… more explanations can be given at the time within the framework of national interests.

"It is not vital for everything to be announced.  

"We must have patience to be able to resolve and finalize issues at an appropriate time."

The question of jailed political prisoners and the house arrest of Mousavi and Karroubi has become pertinent as Rouhani said in 2013 before being elected that he hoped it could be tackled.  

"I hope that within a year of this election a situation will come about that not only those under house arrest can be freed but also those in prison because of 2009," Rouhani said at a campaign event.

Rouhani's stance appealed to voters from a reformist movement crushed after 2009.

But the issue of Mousavi and Karroubi's fate remains politically explosive – in January a lawmaker was forcibly stopped from speaking when he said their house arrest was unconstitutional.

The MP, Ali Motahari, has said the detained leaders should be put on trial or freed.  

The issue is politically dangerous for Rouhani.

Some of his supporters, including members of his cabinet, have been accused of backing the "sedition" – the regime's term for the street protests in which dozens were killed after the 2009 ballot.  

Only recently, with the formation of two new political parties, have Iran's reformists begun to re-emerge. 

However, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei wields ultimate authority in the Islamic Republic, and as such those "reformist" parties will have had to have been personally vetted by him or his inner circle.

It is a familiar game for Iran's ruling Islamist elite – crushing opposition to their rule while allowing, and sometimes even encouraging, officially-sanctioned "moderates" to emerge in its parliamentary system, which itself is purely symbolic and has no real power.

Many observers have argued that that is precisely how Rouhani himself was "allowed" to be elected. Despite having crushed the 2009 uprising, Khamenei's regime was left smarting from the public outrage; permitting a publicly "moderate" figure to be elected president would both prevent any possible repeat performances, and take the wind out of the sails of real opposition movements. 

Yet despite his self-made image as a "moderate," Rouhani played a key role in covering Tehran's illegal nuclear weapons program during his time as chief negotiator. Under his presidency Iran has also marked a macabre record in the number of executions – many for political or religious "crimes" – with some 700 people executed in a "killing spree" since January of this year alone.

With parliamentary elections scheduled for February 2016, the detentions of reformist leaders in 2009 have slid into view, with domestic policy taking on more immediacy following Iran's nuclear deal with world powers.

The talks that led to that agreement dominated Rouhani's first two years in office.

AFP contributed to this report.

Source: http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/200061

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