The history of Israeli wine may be told through three grape varieties which were dominant during different periods. The first was Alicante Grenache, before 1948; then Carignan after the founding of the State of Israel; and Cabernet Sauvignon in the 2000s.
When the settlers of the First Aliya planted grapes, the experts chose varieties from the South of France because of similarities of climate. In fact, Alicante was the dominant variety until the 1960s. Now it is being revived here using its more familiar name, Grenache.